Saving the Mighty Mississippi

Head west out of Hastings on Hwy 55, turn right onto Pine Bend Trail and continue for approximately two miles down a gravel road until you arrive. “But where have I arrived?” you may soon ask yourself. Is it the middle of nowhere, or someplace quite important? That, in a nutshell, is the question at hand.

Sara Taylor, Assistant Administrator and Planner for the City of Bayport, gazes out the window at murky waters in Pool 2.

Fifteen river miles from downtown St. Paul, the Mississippi takes a sharp turn east as it rounds the southern tip of Washington County at Grey Cloud Island, which is technically part of Cottage Grove. A few miles later, the river passes through Lock and Dam #2 and under the Hastings Bridge, before uniting with the St. Croix River along the western border of Wisconsin at Prescott. Before the dam was built, this stretch of river was little more than a narrow stream winding between channel lakes, wetlands and marshes with many shifting sandbars. The area contained excellent habitat for fish, turtles, waterfowl and wildlife, but even with constant dredging, it could not provide a reliable channel for navigation. After the dam was completed in 1931, only a few high points on the landscape remained above water, and over the years, most of those islands have slowly eroded away.

Local decision makers gathered to hear about issues facing the Mississippi River

On Wednesday, June 13, Metro WaterShed Partners brought more than 150 local decision makers, elected officials, agency staff, and members of non-profit and citizen groups aboard the Anson Northrup Paddleboat to learn more about this seldom-seen stretch of the Mississippi River, known as Pool 2. The floating workshop was organized in cooperation with the Mississippi Makeover Project, a collaborative effort to restore habitat and improve water quality in the Mississippi River between Lake Pepin and St. Paul. Gaining access to the water was the first challenge of the day, for though the river runs through several developed communities, there are few public access points and most of the riverfront land is owned by private industries. Along the Dakota County side of the river, Spring Lake Park Reserve and Pine Bend Bluffs Scientific and Natural Area afford views of the river, but no boat launches, while on the Washington County side, a Grey Cloud Island Regional Park is still years in the future. Furthermore, workshop organizers wanted to avoid passing through the Hastings Lock and Dam, as lockages are the primary means by which invasive Asian carp travel upriver. In the end, CF Industries, a global producer and distributor of fertilizers, offered their dock at the north end of Spring Lake as a boarding point, allowing workshop participants to gain access to an otherwise off-limits stretch of riverfront property.

Though it appears natural, this stretch of the river supports very little wildlife

Aboard the boat, it was easy for passengers to forget that they were floating through a bustling metropolitan area, home to 2.2 million people. Three other boats passed by during a three-hour tour, including one small canoe and an enormous barge hauling freight down the river. There were few landmarks visible from the water, save the white smokestacks of the Emerald City, otherwise known as Flint Hills Resources’ Refinery. In spite of its natural appearance, however, presenters from the National Park Service, Army Corps of Engineers, and Minnesota and Wisconsin Departments of Natural Resources, cautioned that this stretch of the river was much less healthy than it appeared. Pool 2 is the first stop for massive quantities of sediment traveling down the river to Lake Pepin. Originating in the Minnesota River Basin, the sand and silt fills-in backwater lakes and wetlands within Pool 2 and Spring Lake and causes constant headaches for barge drivers and Army Corps staff, who can’t dredge often enough to keep the channel clear. The murky waters make life hard for native freshwater mussels, aquatic invertebrates,

Asian carp caught on a different stretch of the Mississippi were on display for the boat’s passengers.

predator fish and diving birds and Asian carp are a growing threat. The fish, which can jump up to ten feet out of the water, harming people and damaging boats, also out-compete native fish and alter food chains. DNA evidence suggests that small numbers of Asian carp are already in the Mississippi River south of the Ford Dam and in the St. Croix River south of Taylors Falls.The Mississippi Makeover Project envisions a future where this stretch of the Mississippi River will become a healthy and protected ecosystem that attracts abundant wildlife, becomes a mecca for outdoor enthusiasts, and provides economic benefits to local communities. Spring Lake, once a renowned duck hunting area, is still a local favorite for hunting and sports-fishing. Strategies for restoring this area include building and restoring Islands in Pool 2 in addition to restoring isolated wetlands, deepwater fisheries and other habitats. In addition, basin-wide efforts to keep sediment and polluted runoff out of the Mississippi and Minnesota Rivers will improve water clarity in both Pool 2 and Lake Pepin.

If the number of local, state and federal representatives that turned out for the WaterShed Partners Mississippi Makeover Tour is any indication, people care deeply about the Mississippi River and are interested in protecting the whole river, from the Headwaters in Itasca, to the Gulf of Mexico, to Lake Pepin, and even in the remote backwaters in between.

“Where have I arrived?” you asked yourself. “You are here at the Mighty Mississippi,” the river replied.

For more information:

Mississippi Makeover:

WaterShed Partners: